Various education stakeholders interviewed by the Guardian on Sunday expressed their fears, warning that the sector would deteriorate further because few Tanzanian teachers were capable of teaching in such schools.
In recent months the government has been deporting unskilled foreign workers, including teachers employed in various private schools in the country, in a move calculated at freeing up the jobs for locals.
However, several education stakeholders said this would affect both students’ and schools’ performance, making it hard for the country to have quality experts in the near future.
According to them, private school owners had no option but to hire foreign teachers due to acute shortage of local teachers qualified to work in English-medium schools.
Tanzania Association of Managers and Owners of Non-Government Schools and Colleges (Tamongsco) secretary general Benjamin Nkonya told the Guardian on Sunday that the decision to deport foreign teachers would have serious impact on private schools.
“The decision made by the government will have a major negative impact on private English-medium schools since many Tanzanian teachers are not competent in English and Science studies compared to foreigners,” he told this newspaper in an interview.
He said teacher colleges in the country did not train enough primary school tutors who focused on English studies, rather most of them prepared tutors for history and geography studies.
According to him, Tanzania had a shortage of teachers as there were currently only 27,000 employed local teachers, which was equivalent to 40 per cent of the actual demand, adding that the deportation of foreign teachers would compound the situation.
He said up to December, last year, about 3,500 teachers from Kenya, Uganda, Malawi and Zambia faced expulsion in a crackdown on illegal immigrants in the country, and the number of tutors who volunteered to leave the country had now reached 5,500 by January, this year.
He also called on the government to reduce fees imposed on foreign teachers to work in the country, citing Kenya which allowed teachers from Tanzania to teach Kiswahili in its schools without charging them residence fees.
Nkonya said most private schools could ill afford the $2,000 fee for a two-year work permit and Sh2 million charged for work permits for foreign teachers.
Bonaventura Godfrey, a program manager for research and analysis at HakiElimu said the challenge in education was how to get Tanzanians who could teach a child to understand, write and speak fluent English and do well in science subjects.
He said although the government had heavily invested in increasing the number of teachers, yet many teacher colleges in the country focused on geography and history studies.
“Deportation of foreign teachers will gravely affect many private English-medium schools since there are no substitute teachers in the country who can teach English language. If we don’t have the requisite expertise we must import from outside,” he said.
He said that other countries which had the same economy as Tanzania’s imported teachers from other countries, arguing that it would require huge investment in order for local teachers to become competent in English the language, lack of which Kiswahili should be used in all the subjects.
“The government and private school owners must sit together and look into how they can solve this crisis and identify the actual needs. Since they have taken the step to deport foreign teachers there must be substitute teachers to train the pupils,” he said.
For her part, Tanzania Education Network (TenMet) Coordinator Catherine Sekwao said although there was shortage of science and English teachers in the country, it was not a good enough reason for Tanzania to allow illegal migrants to work without permits.
She said deportation of foreign teachers would not affect all the schools in the country. However, most private English-medium schools would be affected as they mainly hired foreigners, adding that even some Tanzanian teachers from public schools were competent in the English language.
“Primary schoolteachers are supposed to learn and be able teach any subject, depending on the directive from their supervisor.
Due to this it is possible for them to be incompetent. However, some of them are very fluent in English and they are in public schools,” she said.
Commenting on the issue, Tanzania Teachers Union (TTU) President, Gratian Mukoba, said it was advisable for the government to go slowly on the matter because Tanzania was a signatory to Commonwealth and East Africa Community agreements which require member states to exchange experts.
He said the shortage of English and science teachers was not in their numbers but that most were incompetent.
“For instance, a certain school may have more than three English teachers but none of them can write one good, straight sentence,” he said.
Mukoba said that before the 1970s, Tanzania had competent English teachers, but later on their number decreased due to the adoption of jargon words. He said currently there were few teachers who could write and speak fluent English.
‘We are not against the government decision to deport illegal migrants, but in the education sector if we want to have children who are well trained there is need to have foreigners who will help us to train the future generation,” he said.