Climate implicates changes in temperature, humidity, atmospheric pressure, wind, rainfall, atmospheric particle counts and other meteorological elements in a given region over long periods.
Climate describes a normal day-to-day weather pattern, including seasonal extremes and variations for a specific location or region. Tanzania like other third world countries has started to experience significant climate variability and climate change.
Following that challenge, the Tanzania Civil Society Forum on Climate Change (forum CC) has urged the government to ensure climate change issues were embedded in its plans, strategies and budgets of all economic sectors in Tanzania.
According to Forum CC’s Executive Director, Rebecca Muna, the move would help the country to reduce the poverty by 50 percent. “We would like to appreciate the efforts of the organisers of the recommendations on the National development Plan 2016/17, that meant to speed up industrial economy and addressing poverty,” she said.
Muna suggested the need for the Climate Change issues recognised as areas that needed to be heavily empowered in the national plan as well as be embedded in key other sectors and Tanzanian lives such as agriculture, livestock keeping, fisheries, water, infrastructures and energy.
“But those sectors are in danger of being affected by the negative impacts of climate change. This derails development endeavors and target made in the national plan.”
The official said that despite the fact that the issue of climate change has been highlighted in the national plan but Forum CC, but more needs to be done to address the challenge.
“But there are some of the areas that needed remarkable interventions such as agriculture, livestock keeping and irrigation. It was better if the plan could say something on drip irrigation, which uses small amount of water in farming activities,” she said, adding:
“This would reduce the cost of water (due to drought that is the major impact of climate change) and also the best way to protect weeds and plant diseases.” She said another example is the big cities now are very affected by the floods, people lost lives, property and infrastructure damaged.
“So, the plan could dwell on planning of cities and infrastructure that can withstand severe flooding with population growth in cities (from rural areas, who were hope to farmer the rain-fed agriculture has no longer productive because of rainfall due to climate change).”
“For the improving drainage, collection and reduction of solid waste have priority. This can be helped by mobilization environmental entrepreneurship. Infrastructure, construction of roads and bridges also consider quality doubling and rainy days that destroy the infrastructure that have been in high level” she said.
“We will summarize the analysis of proposal that all to ensure the five -year development poses productivity for citizens most affected by the impact of climate change and Tanzania creates a strong economy and sustained for the benefit of all” she added.
Meanwhile, Forum CC has called on the Ministry of Finance and the Planning to open doors to stakeholders to improve the plan for the betterment of the nation. Forum CC is the national umbrella organization of civil society dealing with reducing and dealing with the effects of climate change.