Kalambo waterfalls, the second highest uninterrupted fall in Africa after Tugela Falls in South Africa is located on the Kalambo River near the southeastern shore of Lake Tanganyika on the Tanzania- Zambia border in Kalambo district.
The widths of falls is between 3.6 and 18 metres. Archaeologically, Kalambo Falls is one of the most important sites in Africa. It has produced a sequence of past human activity stretching over more than two hundred and fifty thousand years.
Despite the area attracting many local and international visitors, infrastructures surrounding the Kalambo Falls are still poor, such as roads and hotels.
Some interviewed tourists expressed concerns with the poor state of the roads to and from the Kalambo Falls.
Fransista Makoe from the Prime Minister’s Officer, Regional Administration and Local Government (social welfare department), said improvement of infrastructures will attract more people hence boost government revenues.
Show Nshurume from Swaziland said “I have been attracted with the water falls since they are surrounded with a beautiful nature. He called upon Tanzanians and foreign tourists coming to Tanzania to visit the Kalambo Falls.
Kalambo District Commissioner, Msongera Palela challenged Tanzanians to build the culture of visiting available tourist attractions including the Kalambo Falls.
“I have brought my visitors to see the Kalambo Falls and see the beautiful nature surrounding it”, said the DC adding the government through Tanzania Forest Services (TFS) has started to implement construction projects which include improving the roads to and from the falls.
Downstream of the falls, the Kalambo Gorge which has a width of about 1 km and a depth of up to 300 m runs for about 5 km before opening out into the Lake Tanganyika rift valley. In the abyss is the breeding ground of the rare, giant marabou stork.
The gorge was first excavated in 1953 by John Desmond Clark who recognized archaeological activity around a small basin lake upstream from the falls. Late Acheulian stone tools, hearths and well preserved organic objects were found there including a wooden club and digging sticks and evidence of fruit consumption.
Tools excavated from Kalambo gorge have been dated to around 300,000 BC, and the hearths indicate people were using fire systematically there some 60,000 years ago.