76.9 percent of Dar es Salaam residents do not have direct access to water mains due to various challenges facing the supply authority and poor infrastructures, a new survey has revealed.
A Dar es Salaam based Ngo round 15 Listening to Dar Initiative in a new survey shows that one in every four households connected to the water mains were directly affected by lack of the commodity.
The study was based on mobile phone interviews with a sample of citizens of all three districts of Dar es Salaam. More than 1,000 people were interviewed.
A statement from the organisation said last month there was an outcry from Dar es Salaam residents when there was a water shortage for over three days, as a result of a burst on the main pipeline supplying the city.
Indirectly affected were the remaining population who depend on their neighbours’ taps and those who buy from water re-sellers whose source is the DAWASCO mains.
However, piped water is not the only viable source of water. The residents also access supplies from tube wells or bore holes, public taps or standpipes, protected springs or rain water which are defined by WHO/UNICEF as improved sources of water and are accessible to 83.5 percent of the city dwellers.
The statement said the survey has also shown that poorer residents of Dar es Salaam pay high prices for water as households without direct access to piped water have to pay a median price of 100/- for 20 litres of water.
“Given that the official rate for water sold from public kiosks is 20/- per 20 liter jerry can, poorer residents typically pay more than the price they could obtain if they had access to kiosks,” according to the survey report.
The water bought from neighbours mostly come directly from a tap (88.7 percent) and in a few cases from a well, borehole or tubehole (6.9 percent).
Other areas touched during the survey include a number of kiosks or taps not functioning at the time of interview, risk of water-borne diseases associated with use of uncovered wells and DAWASCO billing.