Why Khartoum establishes special public prosecution for crimes

25Oct 2017
The Guardian Reporter
The Guardian
Commentary
Why Khartoum establishes special public prosecution for crimes

THE Sudanese Attorney General Omer Ahmed Mohamed has directed for the establishment of special public prosecutions to combat crimes of terrorism and to help implement the national campaign to collect arms and ammunition.

 

According to the Sudan News Agency (SUNA), Mohamed currently, the public prosecution has been investigating various forms of crimes including terrorism and arm possession, in addition to other civil and criminal offenses.

The AG made the statement recently during his visit to the states of North and West Kurdufan  to see the criminal activities and legal procession of cases as well as obstacles that were likely to hinder the functioning of special and public prosecutions in the two states.

Last month, the Sudanese government launched a massive campaign for arm collecting in Kordufan, and Darfur states region as part of the ongoing efforts to counter arms proliferation.  It cautioned of “strict legal action against all those who resist the campaign or possed arms or ammunition”. 

Some observers were of the opinion that the arm collection campaign was an attempt by the Sudanese authorities to consolidate peace and security in western parts of the country following massive defeats by Sudanese armed forces against rebel and insurgent groups. 

However, the campaign coincided with increasing US and international recognition of Sudan significant role to realize peace and stability in its neighborhood as well as Khartoum efforts to counter arm proliferation and human trafficking.  US decided this month to lift unilateral economic sanctions imposed on the African country for almost two decades.     

Meanwhile, the Sudanese presidency issued a directive to establish special courts for the crimes of human trafficking, particularly in the Border States. The directives, as well, called for courts to look into crimes of information. 

The First Vice President and Prime Minister of the National Cabinet Bakri Hassan Salih directed the Attorney General to establish public prosecutions in all states, with more focus on Border States, to tackle crimes of terrorism, collection of arms and offenses relevant to tax and customs.

For his part, the Counselor at the Ministry of Justice, and the representative of the Attorney General Hashim Osman,, said: “A tight strategy composed of legal, military and media components has been set forth to successfully accomplish arm collection campaign. Weapons should only be in the possession of the government in accordance to the law, which criminalizes possession of weapons by unauthorized individuals and groups," he said.

A joint military raft from Sudanese armed force, police and security service seized one AK rifle and 1350 pieces of local drugs (Bango) in the north Kordufan state.

In a press statement sent to Sudanes local paper, General Al-hadi Al-deheish, commander of police forces in the state said: “A joint military force was positioned at checkpoint near Al-Ubied city. Based on intelligence a vehicle coming from a neighbouring state was carefully inspected. It was loaded with narcotics and one AK rifle."

Although General Al-dehish praised the joint military force for their great success, he however, urged them to be more vigilant.  "We need to keep watchful eyes on those who disrupt peace and security of the state and the country as a whole.”

 In the same vein, the government of Republic of Sudan has reacted ready to combat African problems of armed conflicts and the arms smuggling.

The major problems which are facing African continent are armed conflicts which are facing republic of Sudan and the neighboring countries, where in Sudan the internal conflicts have led to the spread of the phenomenon of trade and arms smuggling in a manner that threatens national security and stability.

These problems not only destabilizing the security of the national, region and the continent at large but also threaten the stability of human societies.

Sudan’s government revealed that the phenomenon of trade and arms smuggling is one of the most dangerous negative phenomena in the world and is among the biggest threats to peace and security, especially in the coastal countries because of its geographical location adjacent to the water bodies that are experiencing arms smuggling across it and across the border in countries experiencing conflicts and civil wars.

This trade and arms smuggling has an old history in Africa and East Africa, which represents the heritage and customs of some tribes in the countries of Africa, where the operations are managed through organized and professional networks, which are global networks and include elements from all over the world.

There are also elements of terrorist armed insurgent movements in areas of conflict in Africa and their exploitation of trade and arms smuggling to finance their hostile activities.

The government of Sudan has pointed out the arms sources are the Darfur rebel armed movements, Borders with the State of Southern Sudan and the State of Libya, The so-called SPLA-North Sector and Across the Red Sea and the border with the State of Eritrea. Arms smugglers across borders and some cross border tribes and the remnants of weapons from civil wars in the African continent.

However factors which have been claimed that are contributing to the proliferation of weapons in African are the military coups and political instability in some African countries, differences between neighboring countries around the geographical borders, poverty and poor income and economic conditions compared with the substantial material return of the arms trade and some of the border tribes that have been smuggled across borders, especially inter-state tribes.

The government of Sudan revealed the factors contributing to the proliferation of the weapons in Sudan which are wars and armed conflicts in some neighboring countries. The activities of Darfurian rebel movements in the mercenary, trade and smuggling of arms in the State of Southern Sudan and the State of Libya.

The activity of the so called popular army in the agency's war in the state of Southern Sudan, the security chaos in southern Sudan and the state of Libya. Widening the border with the neighboring countries and tribal interference on the border and the military operations in Libya and Central Africa and the proliferation of arms in these countries.

Others are the substantial material gains in trade and arms smuggling and the growing trade between international borders. The internal disturbances and the rough roads in the regional environment have helped to spread smuggling through land and sea (Egypt - Libya - South Sudan State - Ethiopia - Eritrea - Somalia - Yemen).

There outlets of the trade and arms smuggling have also revealed, the Red Sea coasts, which are famous for their abundance of bays, waterways, islands and people.  Sheikh Ibrahim Marina South of Suakin,  Anchor Asht North Toker,  Clotip Marina South of Toker, Marsa Shakab and the north of Port Sudan, South Osif.

In order for all that to succeed there is some source of the financing of the trade and arms smuggling, most of the operations in the area of arms trade and smuggling are financed by organized crime syndicates and these operations are linked to each other in terms of global networks working in this field and the aim of these operations.

There is another aspect of being funded by some international agencies that have interests in arms proliferation and smuggling and are funding gangs to bring arms to some governments and insurgent groups on the continent.

The Sudanese government has suggested some ways and means to combat this trade and smuggling arms where the first is to get the regional cooperation agreements to combat the cross-border trade and smuggling of arms.

Other way is to fight with the rebel and negative movements in the continent, deployment of joint forces between the countries of the continent to monitor the border.

Moreover to penetrate the large smuggling networks which introducing weapons to all the countries in the continent and to activate the diplomatic role and the joint protocols to close the ports of trade and arms smuggling.

Controlling the sources of weapons, source of financing and collect information which will enable to detect and control information which will show sources of the funds of trade and arms smuggling.

The Sudanese government dealt with this phenomenon with all seriousness to reduce and eliminate it by studying the phenomenon of trade and arms smuggling and the reasons for its popularity.

The government has also collect adequate information about the elements involved, establishing of security committees to monitor the movement of arms trade from conflict areas.

Also it has forming legal committees to investigate the trafficking and smuggling, formation of a special court for communications and arms smuggling through judicial authorities. Holding special security workshops and conferences to combat trade and arms smugglings and working hard to dry the sources of finance and means of transport on the trade and arms smuggling.

The government has conducted exceeded three hundred security operations during the period of five years from 2012 to this year 2017, both air and land operations were used.

The government of Sudan has paved the way to continue fighting against the negative movements in Africa and the activity of Darfur rebel movements in Sudan, which carry out acts of mercenaries, proxy war and the commission of organized terrorist crimes in all countries of the region.

These activities are still casting a shadow over peace, security and stability in the region and exacerbate the deterioration of the humanitarian situation in Sudan, region and all countries in the continent.

These movements have created a criminal environment for the international and regional gangs, and they have protected them from practicing their activities with ease and ease, especially those gangs that operate in the trade and arms smuggling.